The Legacy of Intransigence / Miriam Celaya
Posted on March 30, 2013
Let's say that for a long time the damn phrase hasn't been heard in the
mainstream media (although I must admit I'm not exactly a follower of
that media). In any event, it's been missing from the speeches, which
slyly avoided it, like those who choose to ignore as far as possible the
hard expressions of the Stalinist period before 1989. However, a few
days ago, during a news broadcast, a young and elegant announcer
mentioned it and it fell on my ears with the force of a blow: "The
activity demonstrated the 'revolutionary intransigence' that
characterizes our people."
Revolutionary intransigence, the girl said, and her face, far from being
grim and fierce, glowed with the happy enthusiasm of someone alluding to
an invaluable treasure.
The negative charge of this buzzword is overwhelming, along with some of
its synonyms — intolerance, fanaticism, obstinacy, stubbornness,
persistence — but I understand that no word is bad in and of itself. In
fact, almost all of us refuse to compromise on some essential issues or
principles, without doing harm to others and without clinging to a
deliberate, insurmountable rigidity of spirit. However, context marks
the differences. Personally, it makes me sick to recall the whole
nightmare brought on by the practice of revolutionary intransigence as a
vehicle of terror and social control in times that, perhaps naively, we
prefer to assume are in the past.
Let us briefly review some forms of expression of this official strategy
called intransigence, which marked the lives of everyone in the Castros'
Cuba and by virtue of which every Cuban was supposed to betray their
comrades at the slightest suspicion of not sufficiently appreciating the
process and its leaders or not showing the zeal and enthusiasm (also
revolutionary) appropriate in every circumstance:
"Obstruct" even the slightest critical manifestations — and if they were
veiled or moderate, these tended to be the most "dangerous" — if they
were directed against the government, official regulations, a mere
member of the Cuban Communist Party (PCC), etc. Combat "softness," the
"tendency to individualism" and certain "aberrations" such as
homosexuality, or deeply rooted and damaging scourges such as religious
beliefs of any denomination; clearly demonstrate a rejection of "petty
bourgeois deviations" such as a taste for things, fashion, music, etc.,
and for capitalist countries, particularly the United States (sins
classified as "ideological diversion" and of which wearing jeans,
listening to rock music, and having long hair were considered among the
most serious); and many more. Not to mention recognizing any kind of
political opinion that different from the line carefully monitored by
Past and present damage
Due to the application of the intransigence as a strategy in the service
of power, there have been crimes on the Island such as the firing
squads, the the Military Units to Aid Production* (UMAP), schools in the
countryside**, discrimination and harassment of individuals and groups
on grounds of religious belief or sexual preferences, the repudiation
rallies*** in all their different gradations — which continue even today
— annulment of independent civil society and a free press, and many
other diabolical variations designed to enclose in the iron fist of
totalitarianism even the slightest hint of public will.
Intransigence has been the mother of censorship in literature, film and
other forms of art and culture, and also has gagged creation and
initiative in all spheres of national life. It is not by chance that
Ernesto Guevara is considered the paradigm of intransigence and what
should have been the "New Man."
We could talk about other disastrous events that left us a legacy of
intransigence throughout our history, including examples from all stages
prior to 1959, but I'm afraid that the count would be too extensive. If
I prefer to refer to the so-called "revolutionary" stage it is because
it was after that deceptively bright January when to be intransigent was
generalized and established itself as a policy and became a feature of
decorum and social recognition. Many accepted it, many others remained
silent and everyone, absolutely everyone, was afraid. And so it was able
to do so much damage.
Thus, I was perplexed when a smiling barely thirty-something speaker
pronounced the word malignant, and shuddered at the regenerative power
of the perversity of the system that is trying to perpetuate itself like
a crust on the psyche of certain individuals of new generations.
Does this girl know how much pain revolutionary intransigence has
produced in this nation? Since then and going forward, fighting
revolutionary intransigence has become a permanent item on my personal
Forgive me readers if this decision makes me look somewhat intransigent.
Military Units to Aid Production was a system of concentration camps for
undesirables such as religious believers, homosexuals and others.
** Schools in the countryside were boarding schools for teenagers
designed to produce the "New Man" away from the influences of their
families. This program has only recently been ended.
*** Repudiation rallies are government sponsored and directed mobs
(often using school children) who confront "counterrevolutionaries"
screaming slogans and even physically attacking them.
Translated from DiariodeCuba.com
27 March 2013