Laritza Diversent and Cubalex Begin Their Life In Exile
14ymedio, Mario J. Penton, Miami/Havana, 4 May 2017 — The team at the
Cubalex Legal Information Center and its director, attorney Laritza
Diversent, have obtained political refuge in the United States following
the intensification of repression against the nonprofit organization
dedicated to legally advising Cubans.
Diversent, told 14ymedio, from a stop at Miami International Airport
this Thursday, that this was a "very hard" time for her and her team.
On September 23, 2016, agents of the Interior Ministry raided the
Cubalex headquarters in Havana and confiscated their work equipment as
well as two hundred files of people who were advised by the organization.
"We are saddened that we can not continue to provide legal advice to
people within Cuba, especially to many of the prisoners we helped, but
since last September our work has not been safe in Cuba"
One day before her departure from the country, the lawyer was summoned
by the Attorney General's Office to inform her of the legal proceedings
brought against her by the authorities.
"It seems it is a new strategy to raid the headquarters of
organizations. It already happened with Convivencia and with Somos+,"
recalls the lawyer.
Diversent explained that she was accused of violating self-employment
"The State assumes that as we receive financing from abroad we hire
people. As legal guardianship is not recognized as an activity to be
carried out independently we are accused of violating the law," she says.
She also reported that they had told a "string of lies" about supposed
gifts given by her in exchange for speeding up procedures to legalize
The Prosecutor's Office ruled against a ban on her leaving the country,
Diversent was able to verify. "They told me they knew I was working on
the immigration process, and that they would allow me to leave, but that
if I returned they would activate the investigation again," she said.
"They threatened to accuse me of forgery and bribery if I returned to Cuba."
The lawyer says that independent organizations such as hers are a direct
target of State Security and are exposed to all kinds of harassment by
"State Security is aimed directly at us. The international community
does not have a strong position with the Government, so we are subject
to double discrimination: that of the State that calls us terrorists and
mercenaries and that of international organizations and countries that
do not support us because they seek to maintain good relations with the
Cuban government," she said.
Family reasons also carried great weight in this decision:
"I am a human rights activist, but I am also a mother. I have a son 17
and I don't want anything to happen to him. In the case of women, the
first thing they do is attack their children," she said.
Diversent explained that she will be based in the state of Tennessee and
that the rest of his colleagues will travel in three groups between May
25 and June 5.
The organization, based in the municipality of Arroyo Naranjo in Havana
and founded in 2010, provides legal advice but is not legally recognized
within the island, despite the numerous reports it has drafted for the
United Nations and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, among
other international organizations.
In July of last year the government refused to legalize Cubalex, after
ruling that in Cuba no independent legal aid organizations are needed
because "the State already defends the people."
Cubalex members, who have received refugee status, will be based in
different states of the United States. However, the lawyer is confident
that they will be able to meet at some point to restart the work. For
now they have dismissed Miami as a possible site.
Two members of the group, Julio Iglesias and Julio Ferrer, must remain
in the country because they are under criminal proceedings or in
prison. Ferrer received a change of the precautionary measures against
him this week.
"It really hurts me, what is happening to those in Cuba because of the
commitment they have made to the people and the work they have done,"
The lawyer explained that for nine months they have been denouncing
"violations of due process" in those cases but have not been able to do
anything despite exhausting all the resources.
Following the raid on Cubalex's headquarters, Amnesty International
called for urgent action to "call on the Cuban authorities to allow
members of Cubalex and other human rights lawyers and activists to
operate freely without harassment or intimidation."
Laritza Diversent's trip to the US coincides with Thursday's release of
a communiqué from the Cuban Observatory of Human Rights (OCDH), which
reports that there have been 1,809 arbitrary detentions in the first
four months of 2017.
In April alone, the organization documented 467 arbitrary arrests, of
which 335 were women, 132 were men and 147 were black people, ten of
whom were "brutally beaten," according to the activists.
The OCDH has stressed that a climate of repression prevails "at a time
when the Cuban Government has achieved important international support
like the European Union and the Government of Spain," and warns that "in
the coming months the political climate may be aggravated, as a result
of certain nervousness of the Government before the difficult economic
and social situation that is facing Cuba."
"There is much to be done in international human rights
organizations. There is a lot to do with the organizations that are
inside Cuba, to support them," she explains.
"Cubalex will be legalized in the United States and will continue its
work from here focused on supporting civil society organizations on the
Source: Laritza Diversent and Cubalex Begin Their Life In Exile –
Translating Cuba -