Christmas in Cuba: Turkey or Hot Dogs? / 14ymedio, Luz Escobar
Posted on December 30, 2015
14ymedio, Luz Escobar, Havana, 24 December 2015 — Cuban kitchens and
restaurants are preparing for Christmas Eve. The menu that is placed on
the tables will evidence the purchasing power of each family and deepen
social differences. While some make reservations in exclusive places
with gourmet food, others will be satisfied with products from the
ration market or with hot dogs: the cheapest 'protein' in the
convertible peso markets.
Christmas traditions are reemerging on the island little by little. The
first garlanded trees in public places, after decades of censorship,
date back to the nineties of the last century, with the dollarization of
the economy and the emergence of private businesses. But only at the end
of 1997 was the celebration again "sanctified" by officialdom, with the
decreeing of 25 December as a holiday.
Since then, Christmas Eve has become more sophisticated for those who
have access to hard currency. Twelve grapes at midnight and sangria are
served on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve. A mix of traditions typical
of the Cuban melting pot. The government tries to emphasize the
importance of the December 31st festivities, the eve of the Triumph of
the Revolution, but it is ever more obvious that in the last month of
the year there is competition among dates.
Nougat, a Cuban tradition, turkey on sale for the equivalent of three
month's salary, and rum, lots of rum, combine in the menu that families
in the emerging middle class will share. Almost eight years after
allowing Cubans to stay in domestic hotels, these locales have launched
a race to capture a broad spectrum of customers for Christmas Eve.
The Hotel Copacabana in Havana's Playa district tries to compete with
the area's private restaurants. For 30 convertible pesos, the monthly
salary of a surgeon, each person can serve themselves from a buffet with
everything from the traditional turkey, to the most local, a shredded
beef stew Cubans call "old clothes," along with seafood, salmon, chops,
smoked or cured loin and international cheeses. All that with a welcome
cocktail, live music and Christmas cake.
Nearby, on Third Avenue, Gladys's family is preparing a very different
dinner. "I could only buy three pounds of pork because it is very
expensive," comments this retiree, whose daughter, who has emigrated,
brought her nougat from Madrid. "The problem is that now there are so
many expenses in December, with dinner on the 31st and the 24th,"
complains the woman who insists she prefers "how it was until a few
years ago, when this day was like any other."
For Gladys's family the expenses are not for food alone. "The littlest
grandson wanted his tree, with the creche and everything," says the
pensioner. However, she acknowledges, "They are very nice days spent
with family and it makes me remember when I was a child and my
grandmother would sing carols and my parents put the gifts under the
In Santiago de Cuba the hotel with the same name has also been prepared
for the occasion. The gourmet buffet, with prices that range from 45 to
50 convertible pesos per person, has options with Italian or Island
food, along with a glass of wine. Something that seems like a dream for
a province where poverty has spread in recent years.
The emerging middle class with fewer resources resort to deals that do
not exceed 20 convertible pesos, drinks included. This is the case with
the Havana Jazz Café, where for this price a person gets three glasses
of wine, a variety of international food and a Cuban dessert. Jazz plays
from the stage until after midnight.
State restaurants like The Bunny Rabbit serve "abundant local food with
roast pork and a typical side dish" in Cuban pesos. Taking home a
stuffed rabbit rises to 180 Cuban pesos, the monthly pension of a
retired teacher. "We help you not have to cook for a celebration like
this," an employee at the door advertises with a menu in hand and a bow
tie around his neck.
The ration system markets in Havana and other provinces have received an
unexpected quota of frozen chicken. "It is for the anniversary of the
Revolution" the butchers repeat, without much conviction. For many it
has not gone unnoticed that the supply arrived on the shelves before
Christmas dinner. "This is what you will eat tonight," says Yaquelín, a
impoverished resident of La Timba neighborhood, near the Plaza of the
Cardinal Jaime Ortega y Alamino spoke about Christmas in a message
broadcast on state television saying that it "is not a year-end party,
is in itself a celebration of a great weight, historical, spiritual,
cultural." Although the prelate acknowledged that despite Cuban shops
being full of Christmas decorations "we still do not know" what this
celebration is about.
Others have their own delicacy reserved for the night, leaving aside
traditions and overspending. "I bought a pack of little dogs (hot dogs)
for today and I make them with with sauce, which my kids love," says a
polyclinic cleaning woman in the municipality of San Miguel del
Padron. "After all Jesus was born in a stable, surrounded by pigs and
cows, so you can not ask for more."
Source: Christmas in Cuba: Turkey or Hot Dogs? / 14ymedio, Luz Escobar |
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