After unusual weather, Cuba struggles to save prized tobacco crop
SAN JUAN Y MARTINEZ, CUBA | BY MARC FRANK
Highly unusual weather has damaged Cuba's tobacco crop, raising concerns
among farmers and cigar-lovers that the island's supply of its famous
cigars might suffer at a time of increased demand resulting from detente
with the United States.
The weather phenomena El Niño led to Cuba's worst drought in a century
in 2015, followed by heavy rain during the northern winter, which is
normally a dry period in Cuba.
While all Cuban crops have suffered, delicate tobacco plants are
especially vulnerable. Rains have wiped out production at some
plantations and severely damaged others. In response, tobacco farmers
are replanting now, out of season, in hopes of salvaging the 2015-2016
In western Pinar del Rio province, where most of Cuba's tobacco is
grown, farmers are slogging through rain and mud to replant destroyed
crops. The best Cuban tobacco is cultivated from late October into early
January and then harvested into March.
"This has been a disaster, not just for us, but everyone," Juan
Hernandez said as he steered his oxen-pulled plow through rain and a
field of mud where tobacco plants once stood. "We are trying to see if
we can still have a harvest."
Down the road, 60-year-old farmer Andres Chirino picked damaged leaves
from plants and scowled.
"I have been growing tobacco since I was born and this is the worst
harvest in my experience," he said. "Look at those stains and rot on the
leaves. The quality is bad so we will earn much less."
The impact on cigar supply has yet to be determined, as tobacco normally
requires at least two or three years of curing, fermenting and aging.
Farmers and cigar experts say there have been several weak harvests in
recent years, inconveniently occurring just as tourism in Cuba is booming.
The cigar monopoly Habanos S.A., a joint venture between the Cuban state
and Imperial Tobacco Group PLC, has adequate stock to manage a dip in
supply, said Carlos Ferran, an executive who was surveying western
farms. Other Habanos officials referred questions to holding company
Tabacuba, which did not respond to a Reuters request for comment.
David Savona, editor of Cigar Aficionado magazine, said Habanos reported
three substandard harvests in a row before this year, but so far cigar
quality has been maintained.
"Cuban cigars have been doing superbly in our ratings for the past
several years," Savona said. "They've admittedly had some weak harvests
at a time when people are thinking more and more about Cuban cigars.
That can hurt you down the road."
MORE SOGGY WEATHER AHEAD
In the short-term, meteorologists forecast more soggy weather in
February and March.
"The normal is a little rain every once in a while, but it has been
raining day after day with tremendous intensity," said Ivan Rodriguez,
spokesman for the famed Alejandro Robaina Tobacco Plantation.
An outlier, the Robaina plantation has been largely unaffected by the
weather due to its elevated ground and resistant seeds.
Pedro Jesus Alonso, western regional director of the Agriculture
Ministry's export company CATEC, insisted others could also save the
"Everything depends on a little improvement in the weather," he said.
"If it does not rain too much the harvest can get back on track."
(Reporting by Marc Frank; Additional reporting by Daniel Trotta; Editing
by Daniel Trotta and Frances Kerry)
Source: After unusual weather, Cuba struggles to save prized tobacco
crop | Reuters -