More land for small farmers
28 Aug 2010
More government land to Cuban small farmers to help boost food production
The Cuban government has awarded in usufruct over a million hectares to
small farmers one of the main reforms promoted by President Raúl Castro
to help the country's economy recover from its deep recession and cut
the huge imported food bill that conditions Cuban international reserves.
In September 2008 the Cuban government approved a bill to hand idle land
for its exploitation under an usufruct regime, after admitting that over
half of the islands' farm land remained untilled and non productive.
All the land in Cuba is in government hands but only 60% is currently in
production. Government run farms and cooperatives only manage to supply
30% of the country's food demand. Sugar production which was closely
linked to Cuban farming when the Castro brothers and the revolution took
over half a century ago stood then at more than seven million tons.
The latest harvests are in the range of a million tons making the
economy basically dependent on tourism and nickel.
President Raul Castro since taking over from his ailing brother and
leader Fidel has gradually opened the economy to small private
enterprises and one of the clue instruments has been food production,
described as a matter of "national security" to help reduce imports and
the drain on foreign exchange reserves.
"This is an effort to revitalize an agriculture sector hampered by
decades of government mismanagement" said Raul Castro.
"Of the land awarded so far over half has been for livestock; 26.8% for
vegetables and beans and 7.7% for rice", said Pedro Olivera head of the
National Centre for the Control of Land.
Speaking with Juventud Rebelde one of the government's newspaper that is
more intrepid in pushing for the reforms, Olivera said that "only 46% of
the land delivered so far is now in production".
The bottle neck has been that "the government is the only source of seed
and fertilizer and the Cuban bureaucracy had been unable to deliver".
But small farmers said the Cuban government has begun for the first time
to open supply shops where they can buy and bargain for input, tools and
other agriculture provisions under a free system,
"another of the steps implemented by the government to boost farming
which still remains highly centralized".
Nevertheless small farms more than double the production of government
As part of the sweeping economic reforms Raul Castro recently announced
that one fifth of the government workers will have to find jobs in the
private sector. In other words a million jobs would be slashed from the
He added that the government has agreed to expand the range of
self-employment jobs, and their use as another alternative for workers
who lose their jobs".
This is not the first Cuban experience of opening to the private sector.
Some years ago thriving self employed little service businesses,
especially restaurants, were extremely successful.
But it also aroused resentment among the population and the government
of Fidel Castro sensitive to the political outcome, burdened the budding
private sector with taxes and regulations, making licences harder to
obtain until the self employed sector was largely paralyzed.